Physical Anthropology

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    Physical Anthropology

    Parallel Evolution and Inheritance of Quantitative Traits Hypothesis: * Do the similarities in the lateral armor plates of the Threespine Stickleback indicate parallel evolution in a species? Methods: * The differences in plate number and body shape were examined in two populations of threespine stickleback in both a stream in Canada and a stream in Japan. Both populations were feral and completely independent of the other population. The researchers made three hybrid crosses by breeding

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    Cemetaery Anthropology

    Pamela Kofton ANT 102 Cultural Anthropology Fall 2012 Ellsworth Center Marlboro Cemetery Lamoine, MaineThis old time cemetery in Hancock County, Maine seems, at first glance, to be a forgotten patch of Maine woods. Adjacent to a new housing development, Marlboro Woods with large homes spread out on Ldyia's lane, a seemingly bustling neighborhood of the future, an overgrown woods path leads to an entrance marked with a bent iron gate attached to stone pillars and delineated by a wire fence

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    Anthropology

    An anthropological approach allows the knowledge that human beings have the capability to learn any human behavior. The word ‘race’ carries more meaning than actual physical differences. ‘Race’ has generated myths about the diversity of humans and their abilities and behavior that have carried over to present-day thinking. Many misconceptions of race and human differences stem from historical racist thinking and are the roots to many contemporary ideas. Realities of race must be acknowledged in

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    Biological Anthropology

    Biological Anthropology is the study of human biology within the framework of evolution. There are four subfields of Biological Anthropology; genetics, human variation, paleoanthropology, and primatology. Primatology is the study of non-human primates and I find it the most interesting of the four subfields. The study of Primatology focuses on the biological and psychological aspects of non-human primates. Also it looks at the similarities shared between humans and primates. Primatologists focus

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    Anthropology

    Anthropology What is Anthropology? Anthropology is defined as the study of human nature and how humans are set apart from the other animals. In this paper it is my goal to not only go deeper in the meaning of this topic but also to look at it through the eyes of Christianity. I will be touching on tough subjects such as sin and what causes sin. Along with when we do sin what are some of the consequences we face because of that sin. I also want to go into some detail about the physical characteristics

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    Anthropology Founding Fathers

    ounding A History of Anthropology: Chapter 3 – Four Founding Fathers Introduction: End 19th century: cultural globalisation, cultural imperialism, colonialism → evolutionist theories give a legitimation for ‘superior western culture’ Authoritarian, conformist, evolutionist Begin 20th century: Modernity/modernism: ambivalent view on truth, morality and progress More liberal and tolerant thought (cfr. 18th century - Enlightenment) WW I: 4 founding fathers

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    Anthropology

    Neandertal a very powerful runner for the terrain in which they lived. It would help them run faster and easier on wet or slippery ground. They also had very strong thumbs that enabled them to have very powerful grips. I would very well consider these physical characteristics human. There are some variances but I believe that those were just products of their environments. If you took modern humans and put them in that environment I believe eventually they would adopt the same characteristics. It wouldn’t

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    Intro to Anthropology

    Introduction to Anthropology and Culture “Out There: People Who Live Without TV” by Clara Moskowitz is an article about the advantages and disadvantages of giving up TV for good. This article also discusses the reasons why people give it up and the credibility and viability of statistics released to the pubic on this topic. Studies show that the most common group of people to give up TV is those with children. Parents want to protect their children from the excessive sex, violence, inappropriate

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    Anthropology

    Holistic (multifaceted): approach to the study of human beings. Refers to an approach that studies many aspects of a multifaceted system. Cross-cultural: discovering general patterns about cultural traits Two broad classification of anthropology Biological (Physical) Seeks the emergence of humans & their later evolution (called human paleontology) and how & why contemporary human populations vary biologically (human variation) Study the fossils of human, prehumans & related animals

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    Cutural Anthropology

    The Nandi People Cultural Anthropology Joseph D. Middleton July 22, 2011 The culture of the Nandi people Gender In the Nandi community, girls help in taking care of the children, doing domestic work, weeding in the fields, fetching firewood and water. Boys herd the cattle, help with plowing the fields. They also help in sorting out other miscellaneous tasks and errands. Boys may care for children and girls may also herd the cattle. This always

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    Kinship Anthropology

    these kinships is continuous through birth by human beings. (Robert Parkin 1997). Anthropology defines kinship as the connection that exists between human beings by either blood, through adoption or even by marriage. Anthropology does not view kinship in a biological manner but biology on the other hand studies it in the physical manner. The terms pater and mater are used to refer mother and father in anthropology studies whilst in biology the terms genitor and gentrix are used. Every newborn by

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    Anthropology

    lost soul has been returned back to them. In order to retrieve their life soul they must have a Shaman come visit them at their home. The Shaman represents the Hmong’s version of a doctor. Shamans can be described as “people who perform spiritual/physical healing roles in societies with notion of ‘soul loss’ ” (Van Hollen, September 20, 2010). Unlike doctors, Shamans’ are believed to have “powers to cross boundaries between human and spiritual world” (Van Hollen, September 20, 2010). The Shaman uses

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    Cultural Anthropology

    Cultural Anthropology 1. Anthropologists define culture as all the learned behaviours, beliefs, attitudes, values and ideals of a particular society or population. 2. All cultures share common characteristics such as politics, economics, family, communication, recreation, war, knowledge, beliefs and material culture. 3. Nature: the influence of inherited biological characteristics on human behaviour. Nurture: the process of training and influencing a child through learning. 4. Arapesh:

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    Anthropology

    Cultural Anthropology/Introduction Cultural Anthropology is the study of human cultures, their beliefs, practices, values, ideas, technologies, economies and other domains of social and cognitive organization. This field is based primarily on cultural understanding gained through first hand experience, or participant observation within living populations of humans. What is Anthropology? Anthropology is the scientific study of human beings as social organisms interacting with each other in their

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    Economic Anthropology

    Trento n.151433 University of Latvia n.cd13004 ECONOMIC ANTHROPOLOGY: Research on the Tasmanians, the destruction of their people and their culture and the opinion of the English scientist of the Tasmanians in the 19th century? Since the 60s of the XVIII century, the Aboriginal Tasmanians caught the attention of the scientific community due to their primitive characters and became the subject of studies of physical anthropology and paleoanthropology. The Aboriginal Tasmanians were indigenous

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    Anthropology Paper

    relations" (Scupin 70). The role of Balinese women is of great importance in their society's everyday life. Women are primarily important as mothers because they are organizers and are caring nurturers. It is the mother who is responsible for the physical, moral, and ritual care of children. These responsibilities include cooking and feeding, cleaning, laundry, housework, dressing, teaching of everyday life skills, responsibility for the child's ritual purity and safety, teaching of manners and guidance

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    Forensic Anthropology

    Forensic Anthropology lecture On Friday the 23rd I attended the forensic anthropology lecture and they discussed a lot of interesting information. They discussed how the “Bones” and “NCIS” shows used methods that were not approved yet or way to expensive. The research forensic anthropologists do is mostly done in a lab and not outside in crime scenes. There are 10 questions that they follow, and each question has its own unique way of finding the answer. Forensic anthropologists don’t say what

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    Archaeological Anthropology

    Archaeological Anthropology TOPIC: Human evolution and the bow & arrow Summary Archaeologists study the material remains left by our ancestors in order to interpret cultural variation and changes in the past, more over it focuses on how human evolution. Human beings construct niches by inventing ways of using their relationships with on another and with the physical environment to make a living. As an example, referring to the subsistence strategies, we may tell that it can be divided into

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    Cultural Anthropology

    Cultural Anthropology Cultural violence Introduction Sometimes it hasn’t been clear whether the source of violence in most of the communities has been genetic human condition or introduced into our system after birth. Both factor contribute to violence and also define the nature of violence. This makes crimes to differ with different people, locations and cultures through time. Our point of study is Kohistan community located in the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan .we are going

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    Anthropology Outlines

    I. Human Adaptability Anthropology is the exploration of human diversity in time and space. Anthropology studies the whole of the human condition: past, present, and future; biology, society, language, and culture. Of particular interest is the diversity that comes through human adaptability. A. Adaptation, Variation, and Change 1. Adaptation refers to the processes by which organisms cope with environmental forces and stresses. 2. Humans use both biological and cultural

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    Anthropology

    Deidra Miller ID No.: 6797830 Essay Questions Assignment Question 1: To what extent do members of a group share a single culture? Culture is a very crucial concept in anthropology and some might interpret that all cultural anthropologist share a single definition. However, there was only one study conducted in history during the 1950s that showed 164 various meanings of the simple word by scholars (Miller et. al., 2009:14). Other studies have shown that a part of defining culture is to say

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    Anthropology

    that they could at any time. Since inmates never know whether they are being observed, they must act as if they are always objects of observation. As a result, control is achieved more by the internal monitoring of those controlled than by heavy physical constraints. The principle of the Panopticon can be applied not only to prisons but to any system of disciplinary power (a factory, a hospital, a school). And, in fact, although Bentham himself was never able to build it, its principle has come

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    Anthropology Assignments

    Q1) As an anthropologist, you find out about the existence of a group of humans in the amazon rainforest that have never been contacted. How would you the four subfields of anthropology to investigate this human community? Ans: The Amazon rainforest also known in English as Amazonia or the Amazon Jungle, is a moist broadleaf forest that covers most of the Amazon Basin of South America. This basin encompasses 7,000,000 square kilometres (2,700,000 sq mi), of which 5,500,000 square kilometres (2

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    Anthropology

    Forensic Anthropology: ANTH 351 Quiz 2 Name Maria Falcon Instructions: This quiz is made up of 2 parts. Part A requires anthroposcopic determination; you must use the diagrams provided to answer the questions. Part B requires metric determination based on the arguments and measurements (measurement data are provided on the quiz). This is an open-notes, open-books quiz. You have approximately one week to complete the quiz. When you have completed the quiz, please submit to the online

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    Anthropology

    Anthropology Research Sub-Assignment #1: Archaelogy Project 1 I live in an area where houses are rented out to people and not sold. Our house was the only house that was sold many decades ago to my grandfather and hence we have been residing there since the start. So throughout my childhood I have seen a lot of people moving in and out and eventually met many people in the process. Recently there was a family who shifted to the house next door and they were the sort who would not mingle and

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    Anthropology in Action

    Anthropology in Action As we learned in our very first lecture video by Dr. Stacey Camp, anthropology is considered a holistic field- meaning anthropology encompasses almost every aspect of human life, whether it is in the past, present, or future. Anthropologists Study everything that was involved in a certain time period or in a certain place, or even with a certain group of people. There are four fields of anthropology; physical anthropology, cultural anthropology, archaeological anthropology

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    Anthropology

    Anthropology: Principles and Concepts Anthropology is all around us. It is the concept which has made it what the world is today. The study is like a window to the past, a mirror to our present life and is like a lens to our future. The principle of anthropology is an understanding of the human life and the condition. A study into the anthropological concepts will help a person understand the human adaptations, both cultural as well as biological which helps us to understand how human beings have

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    Anthropology

    AM] , 2 r.._~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... FETISH AND FANTASY IN SAMBIA INITIATION Gilbert H. Herdt The Author Gilbert H. Herdt is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at Stanford University. He was born in western Kansas in 1949 and educated in Wichita. He began his graduate work in California, including weekend research among Japanese-Americans, and later conducted a year of more intense fieldwork on psychotherapy

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    Anthropology, Sociology and Physiology or Racism

    to decade because we know it works to maintain power. Despite all the advances society has seen in research, knowledge and technology, mankind has not been able to abolish racism. Therefore, in spite of our understanding of the psychological and physical dangers of racism on a broad scale, humans are inherently power hungry and use racism to perpetuates a hierarchy in society. Secondary Research Racial Stereotypes A stereotype is a false belief about a group of people based on a specific attribute

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    Anthropology: Variation in Skin Color

    Adaptation." Anthropology: Appreciating Human Diversity. 14th ed. New York: Mcgraw Hill, 2011. 114-33. Print. Mazess RB (1975) Biological adaptation: aptitudes and acclimatization. In: ES Watts, FE Johnston, and GW Lasker (eds), Biosocial Interrelations in Population Adaptation. The Hague: Mouton Press, pp. 9-18. Parra E.J. (2007) Yearbook of Physical Anthropology, 50, pp. 85-105. -------------------------------------------- [ 1 ]. Conrad Phillip Kottak.” Anthropology: Appreciating

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    Forensic Anthropology

    help because recognition of height loss among the older population is uncommon. I was curious to know how diet affected the loss of height in older individuals, and if diet is reflected in bone mineral content. Alison Galloway is a forensic anthropology professor at UCSC. She is best known for her work in the Laci Peterson trial.

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    Physical

    Throughout history, research in the physical sciences has often been limited by our abilities of safely observing and studying the very phenomenon in question. As we make technological progress, we have increasingly more tools to expand our observational capabilities.   Write a three to five (3-5) page paper in which you: Part 1: Procedures in the Physical Sciences: Challenges in Measurements •Identify three (3) specific challenges to making direct measurements in the fields of astronomy

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    Structuralism, ” "Ethnoscience and Cognitive Anthropology

    “Structuralism,” "Ethnoscience and Cognitive Anthropology" Goals of cognitive anthropology and how is componential analysis important in reaching these goals? Cognitive anthropology focuses on the intellectual and rational aspects of culture, often through the study of language use. Humans’ information and knowledge shared through words and stories often answers many underlying questions about a culture. It also addressed the ways in which think about events and objects in the world. It

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    Anthropology Pathfinder

    about symbolism and symbols connected to either a certain ritual in a particular group of people or a region. Most of them are supportedby case studies, therefore they are very specific and limited only to particularculture. Most of them are from anthropology or sociology. | International Bibliography of Social Sciences (IBSS) | Symbol“social life”“cultural patterns”structure | Most of the findings concern one particular symbol and its impact on social life of the studied group. Not all are backed

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    Anthropology

    similarities and differences between humans and chimpanzees. DNA has revealed that Homo sapiens and chimpanzees are 98.5 to 99 percent identical. If an individual observes a chimpanzee, he or she will be surprised with the emotional, behavioral, and physical similarities one shares with the chimpanzees. A) The evidence that supports the statement that chimpanzees are Human’s closest living non-human Primate Relatives are DNA and the chimpanzee’s cultural behavior. DNA studies have shown that Homo

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    Foundations of Anthropology

    published his second book Outline of a Theory of Practice in the year of 1977 which had a great amount of influence on his readers. Throughout his lifetime, much of Pierre Bourdieu’s work was influenced by his knowledge of traditional sociology and anthropology which he used to create theories of his own. He was also highly influenced by a great number of other sociologists, anthropologists, and philosophers and their work such as Max Weber, Karl Marx, Marcel Mauss, and Emile Durkheim to name a few.

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    Anthropology 101

    Such as receiving a reward to praising good behavior (Dettwyler, 2011). Negative sanctions from others also forms ones behavior; by reprimanding when one acts are unacceptable to the society. Both positive and negative sanctions can be verbal or physical; they may be primarily emotion based. Dettwyler (2011) states “they may be formalized into rules, regulations and laws (p. 207). Both internal and external controls are needed -in every society. If one is not taught the acceptable internal controls

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    Anthropology

    Melissa King Biological Anthropology 06 March 2015 Midterm Exam Part I: * A phenotype is an organism's observable trait. The phenotype is determined by the relationship between the two parental alleles. For example. if someone has the genotype "Bb" for brown eyes (B) and blue eyes (b), their phenotype would be brown eyes, because the brown allele dominates over the blue eyes allele. * A gene is a piece of DNA that contains the instructions for a protein. It is a unit that is hereditary

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    Anthropology

    Cause of death: unspecified Gender: Male Race or Ethnicity: White Sexual orientation: Straight Occupation: Anthropologist Nationality: Poland Executive summary: Founder of social anthropology British anthropologist Bronislaw Malinowski is remembered as the father of the functionalist school of anthropology as well as for his role in developing the methods and the primacy of anthropological fieldwork. Malinowski first rose to prominent notice through his studies of Pacific Islanders, especially

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    Anthropology

    Paulina Para November 2, 2015 Anthropology 101 “Cold Water” Cold Water, directed by Noriko Ogami is a documentary from 1986 about cross-cultural adaptation and culture shock. It is about diving into a new culture and having it feel, as one foreign student puts it, like a “plunge into cold water.” Twelve Boston University foreign students express their perceptions of their experiences in the U.S. as each of them (plus one American student and three specialists) is interviewed

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    Physical

    Physical fitness is a necessity for everyone regardless of race, culture, or sex in order to live a long healthy life. In order to achieve physical fitness, you must be able to perform daily tasks vigorously, while avoiding diseases related to a lack of activity. There are many benefits of physical fitness like endurance, good figure, muscular strength, and flexibility. Some mental benefits include a positive attitude, high self-esteem, and the production of endorphins, which act as a natural painkiller

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    Anthropology 101 Human Evolution Studyguide

    4 fields of Anthropology (Bio/Physical, SocioCultural, Archaeology, Linguistics): Subfields of Anthropology • Socio‐Cultural Anthropology – Study of living peoples • Biological/Physical Anthropology – Evol i ut on of the human species – Study of physical remains of people – Adaptation of living peoples • Archaeology • Linquistics Bio‐Anthropology • Evolution of us (subject of this class) • Study of Primates • How the human species has physically ad d apte to different environments (bi l ) (biology)

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    Cultural Anthropology

    of international development. Provide (2) two examples for each- (2) two in support and (2) two against. Anthropology involves the study of human cultures in the past as well as present; it also includes application of knowledge to the solution of human problems. On the other hand, the goals of international development can be analyzed as an aspect of human condition, with that, anthropology could be applied but at the same time anthropologist can view the goals as problematic in one way thus making

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    Anthropology

    What does anthropology have to offer us in understanding forced displacement? The study of refugees and other forced migrants is now a major area within anthropology, population displacement has become more prevalent and more visible worldwide. Examines the lived experience of forced migration and articulates anthropology’s unique contributions to the field of refugee and forced migration studies in documenting the impact of displacement and dispossession on refugees and exiles, their culture,

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    Anthropology Exploration

    Anthropology Exploration Section A: Americans tend to put a lot emphasis on money and objects; feeling as though what one has is more important than what one owns. In this context, there is a difference between having and owning. Having, I would explain as being in possession of. Owning, I would explain as paid in full. This is problematic because the thought of increasing ones status though vanity causes the American society to place themselves in a huge amount of debt, and eventually, not being

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    Physical

    depends primarily on physical factors. (40 marks) Volcanic events vary in size frequency and type around the world but it can be argued that these physical factors cause the greatest impact as they are uncontrollable and create the ‘initial’ impact which we can only manage and are therefore what causes the impact. On the other hand it could be said that there are many factors which affect the impacts, both human and physical. As stated it could be argued that physical factors are what the impact

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    Anthropology Subculture

    Mixed Blood Race and color labels are conceptually distinct. Race is an externally imposed social categorization. A racial category is applied to a group of people thought to share physical and cultural traits and a common ancestry. Racial categories are mutually exclusive to one another. The most common markers associated with race are skin color, racial features, and hair texture. In his article, entitled Mixed Blood, by Jeffery M Fish he examines the cultural base of racial beliefs and

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    Intro to Cultural Anthropology Terminology

    Anthropology – The comparative study of human sciences and cultures. Holistic/Holism – In Anthropology an approach that considers culture, history, language, and biology essential to a complete understanding of human society. Society – A group of people who depend on one another for survival or well-being as well as the relationships among such people, including their status and roles. Culture - The learned behaviors and symbols that allow people to live in groups. The primary means by which

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    Anthropology

    What is Anthropology??? • • • 20:41 Anthropology • Scientific Approach, OBJECTIVE • Study of Humankind- human groups • Seeks to produce useful GENERALIZATIONS about people and their BEHAVIORS • To arrive at an UNBIASED UNDERSTANDING OF HUMAN DIVERSITY • Only scientific discipline that attempts to embrace an understanding of all of humanity • Helps us understand ourselves an others Anthropology Perspectives • Holistic Approach (broadest view) o To view things in the broadest possible

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    Anthropology 101

    Assignment #1 Ant 101 1. The four sub-fields are as followed: * Physical anthropologist- focuses on humans as biological organisms they particularly emphasize tracing the evolutionary development of the human animal and studying biological variation within the species today. * Cultural anthropologist- study humans in terms of culture, the often unconscious standards by which social groups operate. * Linguistic anthropologist- study human languages and may deal with the description

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